You might not realize it, but Connecticut is home to the world headquarters of a $5 billion international railroad company on whose trains you’ll never be able to ride.
In a small office building across from the Darien railroad station sits the offices of Genesee and Wyoming Inc, a “short line” railroad conglomerate. The original railroad, founded in 1899, hauled salt on a 14-mile track in upstate NY. Today, G&W owns 122 different railroads on three continents, serving 3000 customers with over 16,000 miles of track.
A “short line” railroad, as its name implies, only operates over short distances, sometimes thought of as rail freight’s first and last mile. They pick up boxcars and tankers at factories and plants and carry them to junction points where they hand them off to the major railroads which carry them to their ultimate destination, a journey often completed by another short line railroad.
In the US G&W’s railroads are as short as a single mile in length and as long as 739 miles. They operate 1300 locomotives and 30,000 railcars. But they only carry freight, not passengers.
And because they only travel short distances, they’re not looking for speed as much as customer service. Moving along at 15 mph saves a lot on track maintenance.
How does G&W’s sales team sell companies on shipping by rail instead of truck? Fuel costs. Trains are four times more energy efficient, a crucial consideration when you’re hauling tons of stone, coal, or wheat instead of Amazon boxes filled with packing peanuts.
The G&W’s most local affiliate, The Providence & Worcester, runs a train on Metro-North tracks each night, hauling crushed rock from Connecticut quarries to Queens NY. I can hear the train from my home, usually just before midnight, as its locomotives strain under the load and rumble through town.
That’s about the only freight train left on the New Haven line. But that’s another story for another time.
Overseas the G&W owns some much larger railroads, but still dedicated only to freight. They run trains, container terminals and freight yards in the UK, Germany, Poland, Belgium and the Netherlands.
Down under in Australia the G&W runs a huge freight operation running north-south through the heart of the continent serving the iron ore and manganese mines hauling intermodal containers through the desert-like interior.
How does a tiny, 20-person office in Darien oversee such a massive railroad network around the planet? It doesn’t. Each of G&W’s nine operating regions is locally managed with capital allocated from headquarters. Keeping the decision-making close to the customers, not being second-guessed from thousands of miles away, has been the key to G&W’s success.
But one thing that all of G&W’s railroads do share in common is the color scheme of their logos, originally designed by Milton Glaser (famous for the I Love NY logo). Every G&W railroad’s logo is orange and black. Not just any orange, but Princeton orange, harkening back to its former chairman’s alma mater.
Posted with permission of Hearst CT Media